Referred to as:
System Management Bus
Commonly found on computer motherboards for communication with the power source, battery charging, etc.
Based on I2C bus:
Clock frequency range 10kHz to 100kHz (a minimum is specified as SMBus has a timeout feature).
Voltage levels and timings are more strictly defined than for I2C, but devices using the two interfaces can often successfully mixed on the same bus.
Allows for bus VDD ranging from 3V to 5V.
ACK and NACK there are some differences to be aware of when designing your software driver.
Pull Up Resistors
SMBus voltage levels are specified with different currents compared to the I2C bus. SMBus specifies a min sink current of 100µA, and a maximum of 350µA, compared to 3mA for the I²C bus. This determines the lowest acceptable value of the pull-up resistor:
3V VDD 5V VDD I2C Bus > 1k > 1.6k SMBus > 8.5k > 14k
In reality, it’s not unusual to find pull-up resistor values in SMBus systems which are lower than allowed by the specification. A popular range for pull-up resistor values seems to be 2.4K to 3.9K
New standard enhancing SMBus to allow identifying of device functionality, etc.
Extends Clock frequency range to 400 kHz.